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Within and around the Aubrey Holes, and also in the ditch, people buried cremations.

About 64 cremations have been found, and perhaps as many as 150 individuals were originally buried at Stonehenge, making it the largest late Neolithic cemetery in the British Isles.

Today, along with Avebury, it forms the heart of a World Heritage Site, with a unique concentration of prehistoric monuments.

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The sarsens were erected in two concentric arrangements – an inner horseshoe and an outer circle – and the bluestones were set up between them in a double arc.

Probably at the same time that the stones were being set up in the centre of the monument, the sarsens close to the entrance were raised, together with the four Station Stones on the periphery.

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Stonehenge is perhaps the world’s most famous prehistoric monument.

One of the last prehistoric activities at Stonehenge was the digging around the stone settings of two rings of concentric pits, the so-called Y and Z holes, radiocarbon dated by antlers within them to between 18 BC.

They may have been intended for a rearrangement of the stones that was never completed.They appear to be bronze axes of the Arreton Down type, dating from about 1750–1500 BC.Perhaps these axes were a symbol of power or status within early Bronze Age society, or were related in some way to nearby round barrow burials.A mid-14th-century manuscript illustration showing the wizard Merlin building Stonehenge.This idea, explained by Geoffrey of Monmouth in his ‘History of the Kings of Britain’ in 1136, was widely accepted until as late as the 16th century © British Library Board (Egerton MS 3028 fol 30) The small town of Amesbury is likely to have been established around the 6th century AD at a crossing point over the Avon.From about 2400 BC, well-furnished Beaker graves such as that of the Amesbury Archer are found nearby.